Yamuna also known as Kalindi is not only a river for the people of Braj but has always been revered as the ocean of faith by the devotees in Brajmandal. According to the legends, Supreme Lord Krishna spent his childhood and youth pastimes on the banks of Kalindi. On these Banks of Yamuna in Braj are still alive the traces of the sporty pastimes of Krishna with his friends, the stories of emotional gopis (cowherd maiden) and the charm of the pastimes of Krishna with Radharani. The birthday (advent) of this beloved consort of Krishna is celebrated as the Yamuna chhat.
On this day Yamuna maharani (beloved of Krishna) is worshiped by their devotees in many ways. In Brajmandal this occasion is celebrated grandiosely. In the morning a grand abhisheka (bathing ceremony) of Yamuna maharani is performed with milk. In the evening grand processions from different religious institutes are carried throughout the city. These processions end their journey on reaching the banks of Yamuna. In these processions the women carry the urn over their heads and reach the Yamuna banks singing the hymns on the glories of Yamuna and Lord Krishna. The artists depicting the different pastimes of Yamuna ji and different gods also participate in these processions. On reaching Kalindi, the women offer the chunari (veil) to river goddess Yamuna and perform their prayers. In the evening after sunset a grand aarti of Yamuna Maharani is performed with hundreds of lamps on Vishram ghat in Mathura which presents an awesome view. Beautiful darshan with the offerings of chappan bhog (delicacies of 56 types) to Yamuna Maharani is arranged. Huge crowd of devotees gather to witness the grand aarti on Vishram ghat and to get the blessings of Yamuna Maharani. The devotees also offer the oil lit lamps in the waters of Kalindi as the token of their prayers and respect to goddess Yamuna. .