Surrounded on the three sides by the sacred waters of river Yamuna almost assuming the appearance of a peninsula and devotionally attached to the divine love and pastimes of Radha and Krishna, Vrindavan is the city known for its exceptional religious glory. It is located about 7 miles from the city of Mathura. It is one of the most revered twelve forests of Braj region. ’Vrinda’ means sacred Tulsi (Basil) plant and ‘Van’ means the forest. So the name Vrindavan signifies the land full of groves of Tulsi plants.
According to the legends of religious history Vrindavan has been considered as most sacred place for pilgrims. Vrindavan, which was an uninhabited dense forest for centuries earlier, is today adorned with thousands of temples imaging its rich culture and proximity to the divine couple Radha-Krishna. As per the legends, Sri Radharani is the eternal goddess of Vrindavan. According to the writings in Brahma Vaivarta Puran (5.4.2); once, Sri Radharani was having a dialogue with Lord Krishna regarding the open love expression of gopis (cowherd Maiden) for Sri Krishna, suddenly a gopa named Shridama (cowherd boy) intervened in between. So, in a fit of anger and jealousy Sri Radha condemned Shridama to descend upon the earth in the form of devil Sankhachura. He in return, cursed her to become the maiden of Vrindavan and thus she descended from Goloka to bhuloka (earth) born as the daughter of Kedara (Vrishabhanu) and his wife Kalavati. So, the land of Vrindavan relishes its eternal importance owing to the fact that, lord Krishna enjoyed his pastimes of rasa lila with Divine Radha and Gopis on this sacred land along with other major childhood pastimes.
During the tyrant rule of Aurangzeb in 16th century, Vrindavan had to suffer a great loss due to destruction of its major Hindu temples. When Aurangzeb ordered his soldiers to attack and destroy its major shrines, the deities of few of these temples were either hidden in Kunds or sent to Jaipur. In 16th century Chaitanya Mahaprabhu a saint from east with start of the Bhakti Movement along with his followers rediscovered Vrindavan and recovered all the hidden deities and installed them. He is said to be the incarnate of Lord Krishna in this Kaliyug. Vrindavan has an individual parikrama (circumambulation) of about 10 kilometer.