This temple of Radha Damodar is located within the area of Sevakunj near Loi Bazaar (Market). The deity of Radha Damodar was first worshipped and established by Shrila Jiva Goswami who was the disciple and also the nephew of Shrila Rupa Goswami in 1542 A.D. Knowing of the desire of Jiva Goswami for a deity of Lord Krishna for himself, Rupa Goswami who was also an expert in variant skills hand carved a beautiful deity of Lord Damodar and presented it to Jiva Goswami for offering services. This deity of Lord Damodar is carved out of a piece of black marble brought from Vindhya Ranges and is 8 inches high. Maharaj Man Singh, the Rajput king from Jaipur built this temple for Jiva Goswami.
Damodar is a Sanskrit word where ‘Dama’ signifies rope and ‘Udara’ means belly. Thus Damodar is the other name given to lord Krishna when his foster mother Yashoda tied him to an urn with a rope around his belly because he broke the curd and milk pots. The original deities of Radha Damodar were moved to Jaipur like other deities for safekeeping during the attack of Mughal ruler Aurangzeb. The original deity is now worshipped in a temple in Jaipur and the Pratibhu Vigraha (replica) of that deity is worshipped in this temple in Vrindavan. Inside the temple courtyard on the right side of the sanctum sanctorum, there is a Bhajan Kutir (prayer room) and samadhi (Cenotaph) of Rupa Goswami. Bhajan Kutir (prayer room) of Shrila Prabhupada, where he lived for many years translating Srimad Bhagvatam during his visit to Vrindavan lies to the right within temple courtyard. This temple according to him was the center of the spiritual world where six Goswamis of Vrindavan used to hold their meetings discussing the ways to spread the bhakti of Radha and Krishna worldwide. Govardhan Shila of Srila Sanatana Goswami with the footprints of the lord Krishna, his flute, stick and footprints of cow which was given to him by the lord himself during his old age is also kept and worshipped in the temple. Apart from the presiding deity of Sri Radha Damodar, the other deities that are worshipped within are those of the deities of Sri Madhav Radharani worshipped by Sri Jayadev Goswami, deities of Sri Vrindavan-Chandra Radharani that were worshipped by Krisnadas Kaviraj Goswami and the deities of Sri Chailchikanji Radharani worshipped by Sri Bhugarbha Goswami. In the left part of the temple courtyard there is the samadhi (cenotaph) of Shrila Jiva Goswami.