Nandgaon is located about 8.5 km to the north of Barsana. Nandgaon is located about 50 Kms on the north west of Mathura. This place is named after Krishna’s foster father Nand ji and mother Yashoda who had their permanent residence built at this place after moving from Gokul. During his kumara-Lilas (youth pastimes) Krishna lived in this village of Nandgaon along with his foster parents. It’s believed that after the disturbances created by the demons sent by Kansa to kill Krishna, Nand Raeji left Gokul and shifted to Nandgaon after staying for some time at Chhatikara, Dig and Kamyavan. This Village of Nandgaon is located on the top of Nandishwar hill. Nandraeji, the king of the cowherd men built his palace at the top of the Nandishvar hill and all the cowherd men built their houses at the foot surrounding the hill.
Nandishvar means ‘the lord of Nandi’, and is another name of the supreme lord Shiva. Thus, the name Nandishvar is derived its existence from the personality of Lord Shiva who is believed to reside here in the form of hill relishing the transcendental pastimes of Lord Krishna. According to Hindu epics, once Lord Shiva performed the severe austerities to please Lord Krishna and asked him for the benediction of witnessing the childhood and youth pastimes of Lord Krishna. Pleased by Shiva’s prayers, Lord Krishna instructed him to stay at this place in Vrindavan in the form of hill. Thus lord Shiva took the form of Nandishvar hill and resided here at Nandgaon thus enjoying the transcendental pastimes of Lord Krishna. Nandgaon is considered as one of the sub-forest or Upvans of Vrindavan and comes within the boundaries of Vrindavan. It is the place where the father (Parjanya) of Nand Raeji lived along with his family earlier, but because of the terror caused by Keshi demon he had moved to Gokul. Nandgaon is having many temples dedicated to the pastimes of Lord Krishna.