It’s an archaeological museum preserving the cultural and historical artifacts discovered during the excavations in the city. It was founded and constructed in 1874, by Sir F.S. Growse who was the collector of Mathura at that time. Firstly called as the Curzon Museum, later it was named as Archaeology and then the Government Museum, Mathura. The Museum conserves various artifacts as pottery, sculptures, paintings and coins found from the discoveries in and outside Mathura by various known archaeologists as Alexander Cunningham, F.S. Growse and Fuhrer. Mathura during medieval historical period enjoyed great fame for its contribution in the field of art and the famous school by the name of Mathura school of Art got its origin from this place during the period of Kushan dynasty. The red sandstone building of the museum looks extremely stupendous. The Museum primarily houses the largest collection of artifacts and sculptures from the Kushana period. The vast collection of heritage works from different eras, that are preserved in the museum consists mainly of the terracotta, various inscriptions, coins, pottery items, clay seals, various sculptures, bas-reliefs, paintings, bronze objects and remains of the images all of them primarily hailing from Mathura region. The museum has a very rich collection of Mathura art sculptures of Buddhist period dating back to early 3rd century B.C. till 12th century A.D. mainly from Kushan and Gupta Empire. The museum in itself presents a wide material on the research and study of the Indian art and artifacts. On 9th October, 1974 the Indian government issued a postage stamp on the birth anniversary of the museum.