The word ‘Kshetra ‘means the region or area and ‘Pal’ the protector or guard. Thus there are 4 lord Shiva shrines which are believed to guard the city in its four directions.
Situated in the city near Vishram Ghat, Peepaleshwar Mahadev one of the area protector’s keep an eye watch in the eastern part of the city.
The area protector on the western part of the Mathura is the Bhuteshwar Mahadev. There is a cave temple of goddess Patal Devi, whom Kamsa used to worship.
Gokarneshwar Mahadev safeguards the area of Mathura on its northern side. This shrine is known by the name Gokarneshwar Mahadev because ‘Gokarna’ the famous speaker of Shrimad Bhagvata, worshipped him.
In the southern part of the Mathura Dham Lord Rangeshwar acts as the protector. Kamsa had the rangashala (wrestling area) built here in the premises of the temple, conspiring to kill Krishna and Balram.