When Indra saw Lord Krishna holding the Govardhan hill up onto his little finger for seven days to protect the people of Vrindavan from the rage of Indra, he accepted his defeat and fell at the feet of Lord Krishna asking forgiveness for his misdeeds. Krishna was very angry at Indra for hurting the innocent people and cows of Vrindavan. In order to pacify Krishna, Indra and mother cow Surabhi prayed to him as:
‘O Lord, you have descended on this earth in order to relieve it of the load of evils. When the people of Gokul worshipped Lord Govardhan instead of me (Indra), I felt insulted and thus in a rage of anger, I ordered these clouds to rain heavily over Gokul-Vrindavan and destroy everything. But you acted as the protector of these cowherd people and the cows and thus I am very much pleased by this act of yours. Henceforth, inspired by the cows (Kamdhenu etc.) protected by you, I have come here to honour you on behalf of all demigods. O Supreme Lord, as you have protected the cows so you are the actual Indra (god) of cows, and will thus be called as Govinda.’
Thus after, Indra took the bell from the neck of Airavata and filled it with pious water and performed the abhisheka ceremony of Lord Krishna. All the cows along with cow mother Surabhi also performed the abhisheka of lord Govind with the milk from their udder and paid their obeisances at his lotus feet..