Located 26 kms to the west of the Mathura city Govardhan hill is fabled to have been lifted by Lord Krishna on the tip of his little finger in order to protect the people of Braj from the anger of Lord Indra. It’s said that when all the people of Braj, with the consent of Krishna prayed to Lord Govardhan instead of Lord Indra, then Indra got angry and in the fit of anger he ordered his demigod (Varun) to destroy the whole area of Braj with heavy storms and rainfall. Those heavy storms and rainfalls washed away the houses of the people of Braj. Terrified with the anger of Indra Braj people started begging Krishna for help. Looking at the miserable condition of his village people Krishna took the form of Girivardhari and lifted the massive hill of Govardhan as if it’s a flower on his little finger and urged all the people to take shelter under that hill. Thus, in this form Krishna is also called as Giridhariji. As per the writings in Garga Samhita; due to the curse of the Pulastya Muni, Govardhan Hill is sinking every day into the ground by the depth of the Mustard seed and by the end of Kaliyug it will be diminished completely. The fact about the diminishing height of the hill has also been proven geologically. This Govardhan hill which is 8Km long is revered to be very sacred and this is the only reason that none of its stone or particle is allowed to be used in building purpose. The religious reverence of Govardhan hill has also been described in Hindu epic Shrimad Bhagvata (10.21.18) as:
The Govardhan hill spans a large area and attains its greatest altitude towards south between the villages of Anyor and Jatipura. On its peak there is an old temple of Srinathji whose original deity was moved to Nathdwara in Udaipur for safekeeping in the anticipation of the attack of the Mughal ruler Aurangzeb. The deity is still worshipped there and the replica of that deity is worshipped here in a small modern shrine on the Govardhan hill as the old temple was destructed during Mughal attack. On one side of hill is a small village of Jatipura with many temples commemorating the festivals of Giriraj Puja and Anna-Kut. On the other side of the hill is the village of Anyor which literary means ‘the other side’. Little farther is the village of Puchhri which marks the extreme edge or the tail of the hill as denoted by its name which means ‘the tail’. During the month of Karttik, which is considered to be very sacred as Krishna performed most of his exploits in this month, the devotees perform parikrama (circumambulation) of this sacred hill.