KUNDS IN GOVARDHAN

Gopal Kund

Located about 500 meters on the right side of the Parikrama (Circumambulation) path there is a small pool or pond by the name Gval Pokhara (Gopal Kund) where Lord Krishna and Balram along with other Gopas (cowherd boys) used to have their lunch while herding their cows. Gval means Cowherd Boy and Pokhara means pool or pond. Thus Gval pokhara is the pool on bank of which cowherd boys used to spend their time. Sometimes, Krishna used to secretly escape out of the company of his friends to meet Radharani and other gopis at Radha Kund.

Narada Kund

Located about 400 meters to the south east of Kusuma Sarovar there is a Kund called Narada Kund dedicated to Narada Muni. According to the legend, when Narada Muni heard about the glories of Rasa Dance and Gopi Bhava (nature) from Vrinda Devi he felt a strong desire to serve Lord Krishna and Radharani in the form of a Gopi. So, after getting the Gopal Mantra from Lord Brahma he started his meditation. After meditating for years he was blessed by Yogmaya Purnamasi Devi and with her blessings he took a dip in Kusuma Sarovar and attained the body of a Gopi. Thus, he qualified to perform the service of Lord Krishna. On seeing Narad ji in the form of Gopi, Sri Krishna advised him to stay at Narada-vana(an Upvana of Vrindavan) in Vrindavan and write the bhakti Shastra and told him that the curse of Daksh (according to which Narada could not stay at a single place) would not apply in Vrindavan as it’s not the part of materialistic world. As advised by Lord Krishna, Narada Muni decided to stay at the place here at Narada Kund meditating. He wrote his thesis on devotional service to god in the form of Narada Bhakti Sutra here at Narada Kund. Near to Kund there is a small temple dedicated to Narada Muni (Sage).

Sankarshana Kund

This Kund is dedicated to Lord Balram, the elder brother of Lord Krishna as he is also known by the name Sankarshana. Near to Kund is the temple of Dauji (Lord Balram), the elder brother of Sri Krishna. This black stone deity of Dauji is said to have been established thousands of years ago by Vajranabh. Beside this deity of Lord Balram there is a small deity of Lord Krishna on the altar. During the attack of the Muslim rulers the presiding deity of the temple was hidden in the nearby Sankarshana Kund.

Jugal Kund

This Kund is located about 40 meters on the left side of the parikrama path. It is the place where Nand ji along with his cowherd men camped and rested while moving from Gokul to Nandgaon.

Kilola Kund

This Kund is located some distance to the left on the parikrama path and is known for the Lord Krishna’s famous pastime of swimming and playing with his friends and Sri Radharani.

Pancha Tirth Kund

While entering the Govardhan town, there is a magnificent palace like structure on the right side which was built by the Kings of Bharatpur. The principal building is known as the chhatri (Mausoleum) of Bharatpur King. On one side of the palace there is a large water tank called as Pancha-tirth-Kund as it contains the water from five sacred rivers namely; Narmada, Gomati, Sarayu, Kanchi and Vetri.

Brahma Kund

This Kund was formed due to the tears of Lord Brahma, when he regretfully fell at the feet of Lord Krishna after realizing his supreme powers. According to the legend, once Lord Brahma stole the Gopa friends and cows of Lord Krishna thinking that he is just a normal cowherd boy and had no supreme powers. Realizing this trick of Lord Brahma Sri Krishna created the replicas of all the stolen Gopas and cows and started behaving as nothing has happened. On seeing all the stolen Gopas and cows living happily with Krishna, Lord Brahma was amazed and thus realized the supreme powers of Lord Krishna and regretfully fell at Krishna’s feet asking for his forgiveness. He then performed the abhisheka (bathing ceremony) of Lord Krishna and the water that was collected as a result of this abhisheka took the form of a Kund known by the name Brahma Kund.

Indra Kund

This Kund was formed due to the unending tears of Lord Indra. When the people of Braj offered their services to Lord Govardhan on the advice of Krishna, Lord Indra got angry. In a fit of anger Indra ordered the clouds to rain heavily over Braj region so as to flood and destroy the whole area of Vrindavan. But when he saw Lord Krishna holding the Govardhan hill on his finger and protecting the people of Braj, he was moved. He realized the divine personality of Lord Krishna and regretfully fell at Krishna’s feet asking for his forgiveness. In was so much ashamed of his act that he burst into tears paying obeisance to Lord Krishna. The Kund thus formed due to his tears was known to be as Indra Kund. The small hill where Indra stood and performed the abhisheka ceremony of Lord Krishna is known as Indra Tila. Slight near to this Kund is the place where Indra paid his obeisance to Lord Krishna and asked for his forgiveness known by the name Indra Puja sthali.

Surabhi Kund

This Kund lies on the left hand side on the parikrama path. After realizing his mistake when Lord Indra fell at Krishna’s feet and asked for his forgiveness, then Krishna refused to forgive him as he had committed a sin of distressing the innocent cows of Gokul. Then Indra requested cow mother Surabhi (who was sent by Lord Brahma to help Indra) to request Krishna for excusing Indra as Krishna being Govinda (Protector of Cows) would not refuse the request of cow mother Surabhi . Mother Surabhi then came forward and pacified Krishna with her prayers and requested him to forgive Indra for his mistake. Influenced with glories of the pastimes of Lord Krishna, Surabhi decided to stay at this place in Vrindavan. Later on King Vajranabh established a Kund in her honour at this place named as Surabhi Kund.

Rudra Kund

This Kund is located quite away from the Parikrama Path on the left side. This Kund is said to have been formed due to the tears of Lord Shiva. Once Lord Shiva was meditating at this place in Vrindavan. During his meditation he was so much absorbed in the celebrated pastimes of Lord Krishna that he began to weep out of the intense feeling of ecstasy and devotion. Thus the tears of Lord Shiva were collected in a pool, later came to be known as Rudra Kund commemorating the incident. This Kund is called as Rudana Kund due to the fact that it has been formed because of tears and Rudana in Sanskrit also means tears.

Hariju Kund

Near to the Rudra Kund there is a small lake dedicated to one of the friends of Krishna named as Hariju Kund. It’s the place where Lord Krishna and Radha enjoyed their favourite pastime of swimming and bathing together.

Airavat Kund

After Lord Indra and all other demigods have performed the abhisheka (bathing ceremony) of Lord Govinda, Airavata (elephant of Lord Indra) came forward with the waters of Ganga filled in his trunk and performed the abhisheka of Lord Krishna with that sacred water. The Lake formed by that water from that abhisheka ceremony is named as Airavata Kund.

Nipa Kund

Near to the Govinda Kund there is a small lake known by the name Nipa Kund. Earlier this lake was surrounded by lots of Kadamba trees with big leaves of the form of cup. So Krishna and his Sakhas (Friends) used to rest and have lunch in those cups formed by the leaves of the Kadamba trees on the bank of this Kund.

Apsara Kund

It’s said that when all the demigods performed the abhisheka (bathing ceremony) of Lord Krishna, 108 small lakes were formed on the land of Govardhan. When the seven heavenly Apsaras (dancing girls) performed the sacred bathing ceremony of Lord Govinda, the water thus collected as a result of this abhisheka formed the Apsara Kund. On the bank of Apsara Kund there is a small temple dedicated to Sri Apsara Bihari enshrined with the deity of Radha as Apsara and Krishna as Bihari. There are two other smaller shrines one dedicated to Dauji and the other one is dedicated to Lord Shiva.

Navala Kund

It is located just next to the Apsara Kund and also known by the name Punchari Kund. Punchari means tail or the extreme end. As it is located at the extreme end (tail end) of the Govardhan hill, thus is named as Punchari Kund. According to legends, once Radha and Krishna were enjoying their loving pastimes on the bank of the Apsara Kund. During their Rasalila pastime they were so absorbed in this ecstatic feeling of love that they melted and flowed down to form the two Kunds by the name Apsara Kund signifying the melted form of Sri Radharani and Navala Kund signifying the melted form of Sri Krishna. Navala means ‘ever youthful’ thus signifying the undying or ever youthful love of Sri Krishna for Radharani. Near the naval Kund there is a small temple enshrined with a beautiful black stone deity of Lord Narasimhadev. Beside it there is a small image of Prahlad Maharaj.

Vilachu Kund

This Kund is known for its famous pastime of lost anklet. Once Radharani lost her ankle bell. When she was searching for her ankle bell, suddenly Krishna appeared before her and started joking with her saying if she was searching for the lost flute of Krishna. Radha got angry at him and asked him to help her in searching her ankle bell. In order to appease Radhaji, Krishna started digging the ground with his bare hands. To the pleasure of Sri Radharani he dug up many types of anklets of gold, silver and also various priceless gems. Placing all in front of her, Krishna asked Radha which one belongs to her. Radha was so much influenced by this pure love of Krishna that she embraced him in her arms. Thus, this Kund got the name as Vilachu Kund influenced by the loving pastimes of Lord Krishna and Radha.

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